Development of technology of Maritime transportation for biomass supply chain

To accomplish the climate-neutrality objective by 2050, it is necessary to increase the share of renewable energy sources globally. A significant portion of this burden should be carried by palm oil biomass. However, the palm oil biomass supply may not be large enough to satisfy the rising demand worldwide. International trade and maritime transportation networks may play a significant role in satisfying the objectives defined for biomass renewable energy worldwide.

Lots of efforts have been made in support of the transition to palm oil manufacturing of higher sustainability. However, the absence of well-matched government policies, effectual enticements, and dependable enforcements has resulted in many novel prospects and challenges in the path towards the control of the palm oil supply chain. The development of maritime transportation technologies could encourage new investments in suppliers’ production, and seaports may have great impacts on the development of crude palm oil (CPO) global biomass supply chains (GBSC).


Post Doctoral Researcher
Saeed Rahimpour

We developed a novel dynamic simulation model and tested on two leading palm oil suppliers in the world: Malaysia and Indonesia. The results show to what extent container ship technologies such as size and capacity would affect the environmental emissions in the next 30 years. The model predicted that trade value for Malaysia and Indonesia would increase 10% and 20%, respectively, after the GBSC resilience. A critical issue highlighted in the current research is the relationship between distance and mass flow with the trend of environmental emissions. There is a strong relation between GHG, SO2 and NOx with the CPO transported to export destinations. The capacity and size of containers have a considerable impact on the PMc emissions.

This joint research has been done between LUT University, Finland and RMIT University, Australia.Viipuri Management Research Lab of LUT University provided access to AnyLogic (University 8.5.0) software for simulation modelling.


Global biomass supply chain, biofuel maritime transportation, environmental emissions, dynamic model

Mojib Zahraee, S., Rahimpour Golroudbary, S., Shiwakoti, N. & Stasinopoulos, P. (2022). Palm oil biomass global supply chain: environmental emissions vs. technology development of maritime transportation. Procedia CIRP,Volume 105, Pages 817-822,