Post Doctoral Researcher
Our study highlights a need to design and put in place various measures intended to increase rare earth elements reuse, recycling (the current rate is less than 1%), limit dematerialization, increase substitution and develop new elimination technologies (e.g., an engine without permanent magnets). Such actions would support the environmentally sustainable development of green energy technologies.
We provide the first global analysis to present a comprehensive impact of the green energy technologies on trends observed in using electric vehicles and installed wind power, price, natural resource depletion, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Moreover, we have shown the environmental impacts of different stages of the supply chain of green energy (mining to production). This research provides new and valuable insights which should benefit policy and decision-making aimed at reaching sustainable utilization of green energy technologies.
Viipuri Management Research Lab of LUT University provided access to AnyLogic (University 8.5.0) software for simulation modeling.
Rahimpour Golroudbary,S.,Makarava,I., Kraslawski, A. & Repo, E.(2022). Global environmental cost of using rare earth elements in green energytechnologies. Science of The Total Environment.